- also Baroque Of, relating to, or characteristic of a style in art and architecture developed in Europe from the early 17th to mid-18th century, emphasizing dramatic, often strained effect and typified by bold, curving forms, elaborate ornamentation, and overall balance of disparate parts.
- also Baroque Music Of, relating to, or characteristic of a style of composition that flourished in Europe from about 1600 to 1750, marked by expressive dissonance and elaborate ornamentation.
- Extravagant, complex, or bizarre, especially in ornamentation: “the baroque, encoded language of post-structural legal and literary theory” ( Wendy Kaminer )
- Irregular in shape: baroque pearls.
The baroque style or period in art, architecture, or music.
Origin of baroque
Italian barocco imperfect pearl and from
top: interior of St. Peter's Church, Vienna, Austria bottom: façade of St. Gallen Abbey, St. Gallen, Switzerland
(comparative more baroque, superlative most baroque)
- ornate, intricate, decorated, laden with detail.
- complex and beautiful, despite an outward irregularity.
- chiseled from stone, or shaped from wood, in a garish, crooked, twisted, or slanted sort of way, grotesque.
- embellished with figures and forms such that every level of relief gives way to more details and contrasts.
Via French (which originally meant a pearl of irregular shape) from Portuguese barroco (“irregular pearl”); related to Spanish barrueco and Italian barocco, of uncertain ultimate origin, but possibly from Latin verruca (“wart”).
(comparative more Baroque, superlative most Baroque)
- from the Baroque period in visual art and music.
- A period in western architecture from ca. 1600 to the middle of the eighteenth century, known for its abundance of decoration.
- A period in western art from ca. 1600 to the middle of the eighteenth century, characterized by drama, rich color, and dramatic contrast between light and shadow.
- A period in western music from ca. 1600 to ca. 1760, characterized by extensive use of counterpoint, basso-continuo, and extensive ornamentation.
- The chess variant invented in 1962 by mathematician Robert Abbott, or any of its descendants, where pieces move alike, but have differing methods of capture.