Origin of AustriaMedieval Latin from Old High German ostarrih from ostan, east + rihhi, realm
- A country in Central Europe, a member state of the European Union. Official name: Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich).
From Latin Austria; a Latinization of Germanic ostar (“eastern”), from Proto-Germanic *austra (“eastern”), from the Proto-Indo-European *aus- (“to shine”) (see aurora, dawn). The Latin is short for (Marchia) austriaca (“eastern borderland”). More at eastern.
Distantly cognate to Australia — same proto-Indo-European root, but via Latin where it came to mean “south” rather than “east”. Compare also Austrasie.
- In the struggle between France and Austria from the 17th century onwards the Breisgau frequently changed masters.
- On the 15th of December, when Schmerling and the Austrian members had left the cabinet, Gagern became head of the imperial ministry, and on the 18th he introduced a programme (known as the Gagernsche Programm) according to which Austria was to be excluded from the new federal state, but bound to it by a treaty of union.
- The emperor of Austria continues to nominate to bishoprics by virtue of rights anterior to this concordat.
- In 1801 Austria was forced to cede it to Ercole III., duke of Modena, in compensation for the duchy of which Napoleon had deprived him.
- No policy could have been less far-sighted; for Charles V., joint heir to Austria, Burgundy, Castile and Aragon, the future overwhelming rival of France, was already born.