A colorless, highly flammable or explosive gas, C2 H2 , used for metal welding and cutting and as an illuminant.
A colorless, poisonous, highly flammable gaseous hydrocarbon, HC⋮CH, produced by the reaction of water and calcium carbide: used in organic compound synthesis, for lighting, and with oxygen in welding: the simplest alkyne.
A colorless, highly flammable or explosive gas with a characteristic sweet odor. It is used in welding torches and in the manufacture of organic chemicals such as vinyl chloride. Acetylene is the simplest alkyne, consisting of two carbon atoms joined by a triple bond and each attached to a single hydrogen atom. Also called ethyne. Chemical formula:C2H2.
(organic chemistry, countable) Any organiccompound having one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds; an alkyne.
From Frenchacétylène, coined by French chemist Marcellin Berthelot, from acetyl.
Acetylene Sentence Examples
The properties of liquid and solid acetylene have been investigated by D.
Mixed with air, like every other combustible gas, acetylene forms an explosive mixture.
Thus ethane gives H3C CH2 CH3, propane; ethylene gives H 2 C:CH CH 3, propylene; and acetylene gives HC: C CH 3, allylene.
It will be noticed that compounds containing two double linkages will have the same general formula as the acetylene series; such compounds are known as the " diolefines."
Paraffins are found in all crude oils, and olefines in varying proportions in the majority, while acetylene has been found in Baku oil; members of the benzene group and its derivatives, notably benzene and toluene, occur in all petroleums. Naphthenes are the chief components of some oils, as already indicated, and occur in varying quantities in many others.