(linguistics) A writing system, similar to a syllabary, in which each symbol represents a consonant with a particular vowel. Some languages that use abugidas are Amharic, Hindi, Burmese, Cree and Ojibwe (Canadian Aboriginal syllabics). An abugida is a kind of syllabary in which the vowel is changed by modifying the base consonant symbol, so that all the forms that represent a given consonant plus each vowel resemble one another.
Origin of abugida
- Adapted by Peter T. Daniels from Ge'ez አቡጊዳ (a-bu-gi-da), the name of its own script, based on the Greek alphabet order (Α, Β, Γ, Δ).