designating the modern family of stringed instruments played with a bow, characterized by four strings tuned in fifths, a lack of frets, a somewhat rounded back, and f-shaped sound holes
the smallest and highest-pitched instrument of this family, held horizontally under the chin, resting against the collarbone; fiddle
Origin of violinItalian violino, diminutive of viola, viola
A stringed instrument played with a bow, having four strings tuned at intervals of a fifth, an unfretted fingerboard, and a shallower body than the viol and capable of great flexibility in range, tone, and dynamics.
Origin of violinItalian violino, diminutive of viola, viola; see viola1.