Origin of tundraRuss, of Lapp origin, originally
An example of tundra is where the subsoil is permanently frozen and the only growth is low growing plants such as moss and lichen.
- A treeless area beyond the timberline in high-latitude regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil and supporting low-growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and shrubs.
- A similar area found at high elevations.
Origin of tundraRussian from Sami tūndar flat-topped hill
From Kildin Sami tÅ«Ì„ndra, the genitive form of Ñ‚Ó¯Ð½Ð´Ð°Ñ€ (tÅ«ndar, “treeless plain").
- Nordenskiold's Vega-expeditionens Vetenskapliga Iakttagelser (5 vols., Stockholm, 2872-87) may be consulted for the mammals of the tundra region and marine fauna.
- The country is dotted over with large and small lakes, generally salt or alkaline, and intersected by streams, and the soil is boggy and covered with tussocks of grass, thus resembling the Siberian tundra and the Pamirs.
- For the most part it consists of tundra, with frequent marshes and small lakes.
- The tundra passes by imperceptible gradations into the moor, bog and heath of warmer climates.
- The immense peninsula of Taymyr - a barren tundra intersected by the wild Byrranga Hills - projects in Cape Chelyuskin as far north as 77° 46' N.