Origin of tundraRuss, of Lapp origin, originally
An example of tundra is where the subsoil is permanently frozen and the only growth is low growing plants such as moss and lichen.
- A treeless area beyond the timberline in high-latitude regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil and supporting low-growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and shrubs.
- A similar area found at high elevations.
Origin of tundraRussian from Sami tūndar flat-topped hill
From Kildin Sami tÅ«Ì„ndra, the genitive form of Ñ‚Ó¯Ð½Ð´Ð°Ñ€ (tÅ«ndar, “treeless plain").
- For the most part it consists of tundra, with frequent marshes and small lakes.
- Nordenskiold's Vega-expeditionens Vetenskapliga Iakttagelser (5 vols., Stockholm, 2872-87) may be consulted for the mammals of the tundra region and marine fauna.
- The tundra passes by imperceptible gradations into the moor, bog and heath of warmer climates.
- The country is dotted over with large and small lakes, generally salt or alkaline, and intersected by streams, and the soil is boggy and covered with tussocks of grass, thus resembling the Siberian tundra and the Pamirs.
- (2) The tundra or region of intensely cold winters, forbidding tree-growth, where mosses and lichens cover most of the ground when unfrozen, and shrubs occur of species which in other conditions are trees, here stunted to the height of a few inches.