sublimate[sub′lə māt′; for adj. & n., also, -mit]
- Sublimate is defined as to cause the change of a gas into a solid or a solid into a gas without becoming a liquid, or to have a refining effect on someone or something.
An example of sublimate is dry ice turning directly into carbon dioxide from solid form.
transitive verbsublimated, sublimating
- to cause to change directly from a solid to a gas, or from a gas to a solid, without becoming a liquid
- to have a purifying or ennobling influence or effect on
- to express (socially or personally unacceptable impulses, specif. sexual impulses) in constructive, acceptable forms, often unconsciously
Origin of sublimate; from Classical Latin sublimatus, past participle of sublimare: see sublime,
verbsub·li·mat·ed, sub·li·mat·ing, sub·li·mates
verb, intransitive Chemistry
- Chemistry To cause (a solid or gas) to sublimate.
- a. To modify the natural expression of (a primitive, instinctual impulse) in a socially acceptable manner.b. To divert the energy associated with (an unacceptable impulse or drive) into an acceptable activity.
Origin of sublimateLatin sublīmāre, sublīmāt-, to elevate, from sublīmis, uplifted.
(third-person singular simple present sublimates, present participle sublimating, simple past and past participle sublimated)
- (intransitive, physics) To change state from a solid to a gas (from a gas to a solid) without passing through the liquid state.
- To purify or refine a substance through such a change of state.
- (psychoanalysis) To modify the natural expression of a sexual or primitive instinct in a socially acceptable manner; to divert the energy of such an instinct into some acceptable activity.
- (archaic) To raise to a place of honor; to refine and exalt; to heighten; to elevate.
Latin sublimatus, past participle of sublimare (“to raise, elevate”).