Variant of rub
- to move one's hand, a cloth, etc. over (a surface or object) with pressure and friction, in a circular or back-and-forth motion
- to move (one's hand, a cloth, etc.) over, or spread or apply (polish, etc.) on or over, a surface or object in this way
- to move (a thing) against something else, or move (things) over each other with pressure and friction: often followed by together, etc.
- to apply pressure and friction to, for cleaning, polishing, smoothing, etc.
- to put into a specified condition by applying pressure and friction: to rub oneself dry
- to make sore or chafed by rubbing
- to force, cause to go, etc. (in, into, etc.) by rubbing
- to remove by rubbing (out, off, away, etc.)
Origin: Middle English rubben, akin to Danish rubbe, East Frisian rubben ; from Indo-European an unverified form reup-, to tear out ; from base an unverified form reu-, to dig, tear out from source rob, rip, rug, rubble, Classical Latin rumpere, to break
- to move with pressure and friction (on, against, etc.): the tire rubbing against the fender
- to rub something; exert pressure and friction on something
- to admit of being rubbed or removed by rubbing: often with off, out, etc.
- to arouse anger or irritation
- the act or an instance of rubbing; specif., a massage
- an obstacle, hindrance, or difficulty
- a place or spot that has been rubbed until rough or sore
- something that irritates, annoys, offends, etc., as a jeer or rebuke