In the middle ages there was a constant succession of pageants, processions and tournaments.
The use of the word is, however, late, the vigiliae (pernoctationes, 7ravvvXiSes) having originally been the services, consisting of prayers, hymns, processions and sometimes the eucharist, celebrated on the preceding night in preparation for the feast.
Day and night, long processions of all classes and ages, headed by priests carrying crosses and banners, perambulated the streets in double file, reciting prayers and drawing the blood from their bodies with leathern thongs.
The king and his courtiers joined in the processions in the garb of penitents, and scourged themselves with ostentation.
Hyndman and others in Socialist meetings and processions in London to demand work for the unemployed.