In the middle ages there was a constant succession of pageants, processions and tournaments.
Day and night, long processions of all classes and ages, headed by priests carrying crosses and banners, perambulated the streets in double file, reciting prayers and drawing the blood from their bodies with leathern thongs.
3); the symbolical processions in honour of "King Crispin" at Stirling and Edinburgh were particularly famous.
The kalimaukion is also worn by the other clergy in ordinary life, and with their vestments at processions, &c.
The use of the word is, however, late, the vigiliae (pernoctationes, 7ravvvXiSes) having originally been the services, consisting of prayers, hymns, processions and sometimes the eucharist, celebrated on the preceding night in preparation for the feast.