Neanderthal[nē an′dər t̸hôl′, -täl′]
- designating, of, or from a valley in the Rhine Province, Germany
- designating or of a widespread form of early human being (Homo sapiens neanderthalensis) of the Upper Pleistocene Epoch whose skeletal remains were first found in this valley
- crude or primitive
- reactionary; regressive
Origin of NeanderthalGerman literally , Neander valley (Ger thal, tal, valley, akin to dale): after Joachim Neander (1650-80), German hymn writer
- a Neanderthal human being
- a crude, primitive, reactionary, etc. person
- also Ne·an·der·tal a. A species of extinct hominins (Homo neanderthalensis) that lived throughout most of Europe and western and central Asia during the late Pleistocene Epoch until about 30,000 years ago. Members of this species had a large skull and stocky build and are associated with Middle Paleolithic tools.b. An individual belonging to this species.
- Slang A crude, boorish, or slow-witted person.
- also Ne·an·der·tal Of, having to do with, or resembling Neanderthals.
- Slang Crude, boorish, or slow-witted.
Origin of NeanderthalAfter Neanderthal, (Neandertal), a valley of western Germany near D&udie;sseldorf where remains of these humans were found in 1856.
- Primitive, old-fashioned, opposed to change (in allusion to the now extinct species Homo neanderthalensis).
From the name of the German valley where Neanderthal 1 was discovered in 1856. The Düsseltal (from German Düssel, a small tributary of the River Rhine + tal (“valley”)) itself was renamed (from Das Gesteins (“The Rockiness”) and/or Das Hundsklipp (“The Cliff of Dogs”)) in the early 19th century to Neandershöhle (“Neander’s Hollow”), and again in 1850 to Neanderthal (“Neander Valley”); both names were in honour of the German Calvinist theologian and hymn writer Joachim Neander (1650–1680). The surname Neander is a Romanisation of the Greek translation of the original German surname Neumann (“New man”), for which reason Homo neanderthalensis is sometimes called New man in English.
- Of or pertaining to Homines neanderthalenses.
- The capacity of the Neanderthal skull was 10% larger than that of modern humans.
- Old-fashioned, opposed to change (in allusion to Homo neanderthalensis).
- Of or pertaining to the Neander Valley in Germany.