- designating or of a widespread form of early human being (Homo sapiens neanderthalensis) of the Upper Pleistocene
- crude or primitive
- reactionary; regressive
Origin of Neanderthalname of the place in the Rhine Province of Germany where the remains were first found from Neander, after Joachim Neander (1650-80), German hymn writer + German thal, tal, valley, akin to dale
- a Neanderthal human being
- a person regarded as crude, primitive, reactionary, etc.
- also Ne·an·der·tal a. A species of extinct hominins (Homo neanderthalensis) that lived throughout most of Europe and western and central Asia during the late Pleistocene Epoch until about 30,000 years ago. Members of this species had a large skull and stocky build and are associated with Middle Paleolithic tools.b. An individual belonging to this species.
- Slang A crude, boorish, or slow-witted person.
- also Ne·an·der·tal Of, having to do with, or resembling Neanderthals.
- Slang Crude, boorish, or slow-witted.
Origin of NeanderthalAfter Neanderthal (Neandertal), a valley of western Germany near Düsseldorf where remains of these humans were found in 1856
- Primitive, old-fashioned, opposed to change (in allusion to the now extinct species Homo neanderthalensis).
From the name of the German valley where Neanderthal 1 was discovered in 1856. The DÃ¼sseltal (from German DÃ¼ssel, a small tributary of the River Rhine + tal (“valley")) itself was renamed (from Das Gesteins (“The Rockiness") and/or Das Hundsklipp (“The Cliff of Dogs")) in the early 19th century to NeandershÃ¶hle (“Neander's Hollow"), and again in 1850 to Neanderthal (“Neander Valley"); both names were in honour of the German Calvinist theologian and hymn writer Joachim Neander (1650-1680). The surname Neander is a Romanisation of the Greek translation of the original German surname Neumann (“New man"), for which reason Homo neanderthalensis is sometimes called New man in English.
- Of or pertaining to Homines neanderthalenses.
- The capacity of the Neanderthal skull was 10% larger than that of modern humans.
- Old-fashioned, opposed to change (in allusion to Homo neanderthalensis).
- Of or pertaining to the Neander Valley in Germany.