- Mythology is defined as a set of legends, stories or beliefs, especially ones that have a religious or cultural tradition.
The collection of stories about the ancient Greek gods are an example of mythology.
- the science or study of myths
- a book of or about myths
- myths collectively; esp., all the myths of a specific people or about a specific being
Origin of mythologyMiddle English methologie ; from Late Latin mythologia ; from Classical Greek a telling of tales or legends ; from mythos, myth + -logia, -logy
- a. A body or collection of myths belonging to a people and addressing their origin, history, deities, ancestors, and heroes.b. A body of myths associated with an event, individual, or institution: “A new mythology, essential to the &ellipsis; American funeral rite, has grown up” (Jessica Mitford).
- The field of scholarship dealing with the systematic collection and study of myths.
Origin of mythologyFrench mythologie, from Late Latin m&ymacron;thologia, from Greek mūthologiā, story-telling : mūthos, story + logos, saying; see –logy.
See also god and gods.centauromachy battle between centaurs or between centaurs and men. cornucopia 1. Greek Mythology. a horn of plenty, from the hom of the goat Amalthaea that dispensed an endless supply of food, drink, and other riches. 2. any copious or abundant supply or source. —cornucopian, adj. dryad a wood nymph. euhemerism the belief that the mythological gods were merely legendary kings and heroes deified. —euhemerist, n. —euhemeristic, adj. hamadryad a dryad that is the spirit of a particular tree. limniad, limoniad Rare. a water nymph or naiad. mythicism the attribution of supernatural events to mythological causes. mythicist 1. a student of myths. 2. an interpreter of myths. mythoclast an opponent of myths. — mythoclastic, adj. mythogenesis 1. the establishment and development of myths. 2. the tendency to create myths or to give mythical status to a person or event. Also called mythogeny. —mythogenetic, adj. mythography 1. the collecting of myths. 2. the recording of myths in writing. 3. a critical collection of myths. —mythographer, mythographist, n. mythologem a recurrent pattern, event, or theme in myths, as an explanation of the change of seasons; folklore motifs. mythologer a narrator of myths and legends. mythology 1. a body of stories relating the traditional origins and causes of the world, natural forces and phenomena, and cultural developments, as that of a particular people or relating to a particular person. 2. a collection of myths. 3. the science of myths. —mythologist, n. —mythological, adj. mythopoesis the creation of myths. —mythopoeist, n. —mythopoeic, adj. mythos 1. myth. 2. mythology. 3. the interrelationship of value structures and historical experiences of a people, usually given expression through the arts. naiad a nymph or spirit of rivers and streams. Oceanid any of the daughters of Oceanus and Tethys; a sea nymph. theomythology a mixture of theology and mythology. —theomythologer, n. undine according to Paracelsus, a water nymph or spirit, female in form and lacking a soul until married to a mortal and mother of his child. vampirism 1. the state or condition of being a vampire. 2. the actions or habits of vampires. 3. belief in the existence of vampires. —vampiric, adj.
(countable and uncountable, plural mythologies)
- (countable and uncountable) The collection of myths of a people, concerning the origin of the people, history, deities, ancestors and heroes.
- (countable and uncountable) A similar body of myths concerning an event, person or institution.
- (countable and uncountable) Pervasive elements of a fictional universe that resemble a mythological universe.
- (uncountable) The systematic collection and study of myths.
First attested in English in 1412. From Middle French mythologie, from Latin mythologia, from Ancient Greek Î¼Ï…Î¸Î¿Î»Î¿Î³Î¯Î± (muthologia, “legend") Î¼Ï…Î¸Î¿Î»Î¿Î³ÎÏ‰ (muthologeÅ, “I tell tales"), from Î¼Ï…Î¸Î¿Î»ÏŒÎ³Î¿Ï‚ (muthologos, “legend"), from Î¼á¿¦Î¸Î¿Ï‚ (muthos, “story") + Î»ÎÎ³Ï‰ (legÅ, “I say").