Commercial and technical instruction is given in various institutions comprising national establishments such as the icoles nalionales professionnelles of Armentires, Vierzon, Voiron and Nantes for the education of working men; the more advanced coles darts et mtiers of Chlons, Angers, Aix, Lille and Cluny; and the Central School of Arts and Manufactures at Paris; schools depending on the communes and state in combination, e.g.
Another group in the north of France has its centres at Lille, Tourcoing, Roubaix, St Quentin and Amiens.
'ALAIN DE LILLE' [Alanus de Insulis] (c. 1128-1202), French theologian and poet, was born, probably at Lille, some years, before 1128.
As a theologian Alain de Lille shared in the mystic reaction of the second half of the 12th century against the scholastic philosophy.
Alain de Lille has often been confounded with other persons named Alain, in particular with' Alain, archbishop of Auxerre, Alan, abbot of Tewkesbury, Alain de Podio, etc. Certain facts of their lives have been attributed' to him, as well as some of their works: thus the Life of St Bernard should be ascribed to Alain of Auxerre and the Commentary upon Merlin to Alan of Tewkesbury.