There was, therefore, a residue of 9% of illiterates, most of whom were not born in Australia.
The census of 1871 gave 73% of illiterates, that of 1881, 67%, and that of 1901, 56%, i.e.
In Piedmont there were 17.7% of illiterates above six years (the lowest) and in Calabria 78.7% (the highest), the figures for the whole country being 48~5.
Rhese are, however, the only institutions in which a decrease is shown, and by the law of 1906 5000 of these institutions are to be provided in the communes where the proportion of illiterates is highest.
According to the census of 1897 the number of illiterates varied from 89.2 to 44.9% of the population in the rural districts, and from 63.6 to 37.2% in the urban.
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