Hawaii[hə wä′ē, -wī′ē]
- state of the U.S., consisting of a group of islands () in the North Pacific: admitted, 1959: 6,423 sq mi (16,635 sq km); pop. 1,212,000; cap. Honolulu: abbrev. HI
- largest & southernmost of the islands of Hawaii, southeast of Oahu: 4,028 sq mi (10,432 sq km); pop. 149,000
Origin of HawaiiHawaiian Hawai'i from source Proto-Polynesian an unverified form hawaiki; akin to Savai'i, Savaii
- Abbr. HI A state of the United States in the central Pacific Ocean including all of the Hawaiian Islands except Midway. It became a US territory in 1900 and was admitted as the 50th state in 1959. The islands were conquered and united by King Kamehameha I between 1795–1810, and the last Hawaiian monarch, Queen Liliuokalani, was deposed in 1893. Honolulu, on Oahu, is the capital and the largest city.
- Popularly called The Big Island. The largest and southernmost of the Hawaiian Islands. It is the top of an enormous submarine mountain and has several volcanic peaks.
- A state of the United States of America. The capital is Honolulu, on the island of Oahu. It is the fiftieth state to join the United States. The nickname is the Aloha State. It is located from 19° to 23° N latitude, with the eight main islands from 155° to 162° W longitude and including many smaller islands extending westward.
- A chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean between North America and Oceania. Also called the Hawaiian Islands and formerly the Sandwich Islands. The larger islands are:
- The proper name of the largest of the Hawaiian Islands, also called the Big Island. The Big Island lies southeast of the other islands.
The standard spelling in the islands is Hawaiʻi, where the ʻ indicates a glottal stop or phonemic glide.
From Hawaiian Hawaiʻi, from Proto-Polynesian *Sawaiki (“traditional homeland”).
- Alternative form of Hawaii.
From Hawaiian Hawaiʻi, in turn from Proto-Nuclear-Polynesian *Sawaiki.