Apart from the fjords and lakes the chief beauties of the Alps are glaciers and waterfalls.
Among the great glaciers which stream from the peak the most noteworthy are those of Bossons and Taconnaz (northern slope) and of Brenva and Miage (southern slope).
A district of considerable extent in the centre of the island is occupied by snowfields, whence glaciers descend east and west to the sea.
Over the whole state there is a layer of drift deposited by the glaciers which once covered this region.
The Aptera have perhaps the most extensive distribution of all animals, being found in Franz Josef Land and South Victoria Land, on the snows of Alpine glaciers, and in the depths of the most extensive caves.