Great emphasis is laid upon alleged fulfilments - striking or fanciful, but very generally striking to that age - of Old Testament prophecy (Matt.
Historical fulfilments, if not excluded, are not sought for.
Thus Dr Swete writes (p. ccxviii) of his work: "With the ` preterists ' (contemporary-historical) it will take its stand on the circumstances of the age and locality to which the book belongs, and will connect the greater part of the prophecy with the destinies of the empire under which the prophet lived; with the ` futurists ' (eschatological) it will look for fulfilments of St John's pregnant words in times yet to come.
According to Strauss the fulfilments of prophecy in the New Testament arise from the Christians' belief that the Christian Messiah must have fulfilled the predictions of the prophets, and the miracles of Jesus in the New Testament either originate in the same way or are purely mythical embodiments of Christian doctrines.
The simplest explanation is that they represent different traditions, the Gospel narrative being composed with more special reference to prophetic fulfilments, and being probably nearer the truth than the short explanatory note inserted by the author of the Acts (see Bernard, Expositor, June 1904, p. 422 seq.).
How would you define fulfilments? Add your definition here.