A medieval English freeholder of nonnoble birth holding extensive property.
Origin: Middle English frankelein, from Anglo-Norman fraunclein, from Anglo-Norman franc; see frank1.
, Aretha Born 1942.
American singer known for her recordings of soul and gospel music. Her popular songs include “Respect” (1967) and “Chain of Fools” (1968).
, Benjamin 1706-1790.
American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard's Almanac (1732-1757), he entered politics and played a major part in the American Revolution. Franklin negotiated French support for the colonists, signed the Treaty of Paris (1783), and helped draft the Constitution (1787-1789). His numerous scientific and practical innovations include the lightning rod, bifocal spectacles, and a stove.
, Sir John 1786-1847.
British explorer who led a search for the Northwest Passage (1845-1847) on which he and his 129-man crew perished. A record of the expedition's discovery of the passage was found in 1857.
, John Hope Born 1915.
American historian noted for his studies of African-American history, such as From Slavery to Freedom (1947).
, Rosalind Elsie 1920-1958.
British x-ray crystallographer whose studies of DNA provided crucial information that led to the discovery of its spiral structure by Francis Crick and James D. Watson.