- The definition of endemic refers to a disease or something that is native to or commonly found within an area.
An example of endemic is a description for an area where HIV/AIDs flourishes.
- native to a particular country, nation, or region: said of plants, animals, and, sometimes, customs, etc.
- constantly present in a particular region: said of a disease that is generally under control
Origin of endemicFrench endémique ; from endémie, endemic disease ; from Classical Greek endēmia, a dwelling in ; from endēmos, native ; from en-, in + dēmos, the people: see democracy
- an endemic plant or animal
- an endemic disease
- Prevalent in or limited to a particular locality, region, or people: diseases endemic to the tropics.
- Native to or limited to a certain region: endemic birds.
- Common in or inherent to an enterprise or situation: “All the difficulties endemic to historical research become more acute in the case of war” (Constantine Pleshakov).
Origin of endemicFrom Greek endēmos, native, endemic : en-, in; see en–2 + dēmos, people; see dā- in Indo-European roots.
- Native to a particular area or culture; originating where it occurs.
- Kangaroos are endemic to Australia.
- (Especially of plants and animals.) Peculiar to a particular area or region; not found in other places.
- The endemic religion of Easter Island arrived with the Polynesian settlers.
- (Especially of diseases.) Prevalent in a particular area or region.
- Malaria is endemic to the tropics.
An endemic disease is one which is constantly present in a given area, though usually at low levels, whereas an epidemic is widespread and has a high incidence. A sporadic disease occurs now and then at low levels.
- An individual or species that is endemic to a region.
From Ancient Greek ἐν (en, “in”) + δῆμος (dēmos, “people”). Possibly via ἔνδημος (endēmos, “among ones people, at home, native”) and/or French endémique.