Was arrested at Rome for presuming to excommunicate the successor of Charlemagne, and was deported to Grenoble and later on to Savona.
By these committees criminals were summarily tried, convicted and punished; suspicious characters were deported or intimidated.
Some of them, including Barthelemy, were deported to Cayenne.
Newspapers were confiscated and journalists were deported wholesale.
In 1798, when the French occupied Rome, Consalvi was imprisoned in the castle of St Angelo, together with other papal officials, in retaliation for the murder of General Duphot; a proposal to whip him through the streets was defeated by the French general in command, but, after three months' confinement, he was deported with a crowd of galley slaves to Naples, and his property was confiscated as that of "an enemy of the Roman republic."