nounpl. crocuses or croci
- any of a large genus (Crocus) of spring-blooming plants of the iris family, with fleshy corms and a yellow, purple, or white flower
- an orange-yellow color; saffron
- powdered iron oxide used for polishing
Origin of crocusMiddle English ; from Classical Latin ; from Classical Greek krokos, saffron, via Semitic (as in Classical Hebrew (language) karkōm, Arabic kurkum, Aramaic kūrkāmā, saffron, crocus), ultimately ; from Sanskrit kuṅkumam
nounpl. cro·cus·es or cro·ci
- a. Any of various perennial Eurasian herbs of the genus Crocus, having grasslike leaves and showy, variously colored flowers.b. Any of several other plants, such as the autumn crocus.
- A grayish to light reddish purple.
- A dark red powdered variety of iron oxide, Fe2O3, used as an abrasive for polishing.
- A coarse, loosely woven material like burlap, once used to make sacks for shipping saffron. See Note at gunnysack.
Origin of crocusMiddle English, saffron, from Old French, from Latin, from Greek krokos; perhaps from a source akin to Arabic kurkum, saffron.
(plural crocuses or croci)
Through Latin crocus, from Ancient Greek κρόκος (krokos, “crocus”).
From Ancient Greek κρόκος (krokos, “saffron”). Named by botanist Carl von Linnaeus (1707-1778).