nounpl. crocuses or croci
- any of a large genus (Crocus) of spring-blooming plants of the iris family, with fleshy corms and a yellow, purple, or white flower
- an orange-yellow color; saffron
- powdered iron oxide used for polishing
Origin of crocusMiddle English ; from Classical Latin ; from Classical Greek krokos, saffron, via Semitic (as in Classical Hebrew (language) karkōm, Arabic kurkum, Aramaic kūrkāmā, saffron, crocus), ultimately ; from Sanskrit kuṅkumam
nounpl. cro·cus·es or cro·ci
- a. Any of various perennial Eurasian herbs of the genus Crocus, having grasslike leaves and showy, variously colored flowers.b. Any of several other plants, such as the autumn crocus.
- A grayish to light reddish purple.
- A dark red powdered variety of iron oxide, Fe2O3, used as an abrasive for polishing.
- A coarse, loosely woven material like burlap, once used to make sacks for shipping saffron. See Note at gunnysack.
Origin of crocusMiddle English, saffron, from Old French, from Latin, from Greek krokos; perhaps from a source akin to Arabic kurkum, saffron.
(plural crocuses or croci)
- occurs, succor
Through Latin crocus, from Ancient Greek κρόκος (krokos, “crocus”).