Origin of CatherineFrench from Classical Latin Catharina, Ecaterina from Classical Greek Aikaterin?; form and meaning influenced, influence by katharos, pure, unsullied
- (4th cent. ); Christian martyr of Alexandria: her day is Nov. 25
- (1347-80); It. Dominican: her day is April 29in full Saint Catherine of Siena
- 1684?-1727; wife of Peter the Great; empress of Russia (1725-27)
- 1729-96; German-born empress of Russia (1762-96)called Catherine the Great
- A female given name.
From French Catherine, from Ancient Greek Αἰκατερίνη (Aikaterinē), *Ἑκατερίνη (Hekaterine), of debated meaning, possibly from ἑκάτερος (hekateros, “each of the two”), or from the name of the goddess Hecate. The spelling with 'h' in Latin languages, German and English, is due to a folk etymology, dating from Roman times, which associated the name with the Ancient Greek καθαρός (katharos, “pure”). The name belonged to a 4th-century saint and martyr from Alexandria who was tortured on the wheel.