ancient city-state in N Africa, founded (9th cent. ) by Phoenicians near the site of modern Tunis and destroyed by the Romans in 146 (see Punic Wars): rebuilt by Romans (44 ) & destroyed by Arabs ( 698)
An ancient city and state of northern Africa on the Bay of Tunis northeast of modern Tunis. It was founded by the Phoenicians in the ninth century B.C. and became the center of Carthaginian power in the Mediterranean after the sixth century B.C. The city was destroyed by the Romans at the end of the Third Punic War (146 B.C.) but was rebuilt by Julius Caesar and later (A.D. 439-533) served as capital of the Vandals before its virtual annihilation by the Arabs (698).