The definition of calcium is the fifth most abundant element in the human body.
Facts About Calcium
- Calcium is is the fifth most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust, found in the form of a compound or a salt.
- Limestone and granite are forms of calcium carbonate.
- Calcium carbonate is the salt that makes hard water.
- Calcium serves many functions in the body including the construction of bones and teeth.
- Nutritional sources of calcium include: Cow’s milk, cheese, kelp, beans, oranges and broccoli
- An example of calcium is the mineral found in dairy products.
- An example of calcium is chalk which is made of calcium carbonate.
a soft, silver-white, metallic chemical element, one of the alkaline-earth metals, found in limestone, marble, chalk, etc., always in combination: it is used as a reducing agent and in fertilizer, and is the essential part of bones, shells, and teeth: symbol, Ca; at. no., 20
Origin of calciumModern Latin ; from Classical Latin calx (gen. calcis), lime ; from or akin to Classical Greek chalix, pebble + -ium: so named (1808) by Sir Humphry Davy
A silvery, moderately hard alkaline-earth metal that constitutes approximately 3.6 percent of the earth's crust and is a basic component of most animals and plants. It occurs naturally in limestone, gypsum, and fluorite, and its compounds are used to make plaster, quicklime, Portland cement, and metallurgic and electronic materials. Atomic number 20; atomic weight 40.08; melting point 842°C; boiling point 1,484°C; specific gravity 1.54; valence 2. See Periodic Table.
Origin of calciumLatin calx, calc-, lime; see calx + –ium.
(countable and uncountable, plural calciums) (Symbol: Ca)