- The definition of backhaul is the return trip a truck or cargo ship makes after making a delivery.
A load of goods that are transported after the primary load was delivered is an example of a backhaul.
backhaul definition by Webster's New World
backhaul - Computer Definition
- In telecommunications, referring to a leased line network configuration in which traffic is transported to a point that is geographically beyond and then transported back (hauled back) to the destination site due to the lack of a direct path between the originating and destination sites. Such an indirect design is much like the indirect route one might be forced to take from New York City west to Seattle and then back east to get to Spokane,Washington.
- In telecommunications, and particularly wireless networks, to transport traffic from a distributed node, such as a cellular base station or Wi-Fi access point (AP), to a centralized node, such as a mobile telephone switching office (MTSO) or Internet service provider (ISP), respectively. See also AP, base station, cellular radio, ISP, MTSO, node, Wi-Fi, and wireless.
The original definition of backhaul was to transmit a telephone call or data beyond its normal destination point and then back again in order to utilize available personnel (operators, agents, etc.) or network equipment not available at the destination location. For example, depending on distances and service arrangements, it might be cheaper to send a telephone call on a private line to a location way beyond the destination and then dial up the destination, which is back in the other direction. High-Capacity Lines The term evolved into a more generic meaning and often refers to transmitting from a remote site or network to a central or main site. It implies a high-capacity line; for example, to backhaul from a wireless mesh network to the wired network means aggregating all the traffic on the wireless mesh over one or more high-speed lines to a private network or the Internet.