Origin of AustriaMedieval Latin from Old High German ostarrih from ostan, east + rihhi, realm
- A country in Central Europe, a member state of the European Union. Official name: Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich).
From Latin Austria; a Latinization of Germanic ostar (“eastern”), from Proto-Germanic *austra (“eastern”), from the Proto-Indo-European *aus- (“to shine”) (see aurora, dawn). The Latin is short for (Marchia) austriaca (“eastern borderland”). More at eastern.
Distantly cognate to Australia — same proto-Indo-European root, but via Latin where it came to mean “south” rather than “east”. Compare also Austrasie.
- On the 15th of December, when Schmerling and the Austrian members had left the cabinet, Gagern became head of the imperial ministry, and on the 18th he introduced a programme (known as the Gagernsche Programm) according to which Austria was to be excluded from the new federal state, but bound to it by a treaty of union.
- The emperor of Austria continues to nominate to bishoprics by virtue of rights anterior to this concordat.
- Don John of Austria becomes General.
- At the close of the 13th century the Kyburg part of the Breisgau passed to the Habsburgs, who in 1368 acquired also the town and countship of Freiburg, which had been sold by the counts of Urach to the Freiburgers and given in pledge by them to the house of Austria in exchange for a loan of the purchase price, which they were unable to repay.
- In the struggle between France and Austria from the 17th century onwards the Breisgau frequently changed masters.