During the minority of Ladislas, son of Albert, who was born after his father's death, Bohemia was divided into two parties - the Romanist or Austrian one, led by Ulrich von Rosenberg (1403-1462), and the national one, led by Podébrad.
He was continually devising plans for the better government of Austria, and although they ended in failure, he established the unity of the Austrian dominions.
Owing to the poverty of the people, cheap Austrian goods find a readier sale than the more expensive and solid British manufactures.
The maritime traffic is largely conducted by the steamers of the subsidized Austrian-Lloyd company, Trieste being the principal commercial centre; the coasting trade is carried on by small Greek and Turkish sailing vessels.
At Scutari a college and a seminary are maintained by the Jesuits, with the aid of the Austrian government; the Franciscans have several primary schools, and three lay schools are supported by the Italian government; in all these institutions Italian is the language of instruction.