The definition of a xerophyte is a plant that alters its physical structure to grow in very dry conditions.
Reducing leaf surfaces to minimize moisture loss,
Adding thick plant parts to store large amounts of water.
Waxy skin prevents water loss.
An example of a xerophyte is a cactus which has eliminated leaves in favor of small spines.
A plant adapted to surviving with little water.
A plant structurally adapted to growing under very dry or desert conditions, often having greatly reduced leaf surfaces for avoiding water loss, thick, fleshy parts for water storage, and hairs, spines, or thorns.
A plant that is adapted to an arid environment. Many xerophytes have specialized tissues (usually nonphotosynthetic parenchyma cells) for storing water, as in the stems of cacti and the leaves of succulents. Others have thin, narrow leaves, or even spines, for minimizing water loss. Xerophyte leaves often have abundant stomata to maximize gas exchange during periods in which water is available, and the stomata are recessed in depressions, which are covered with fine hairs to help trap moisture in the air.
Origin of xerophyte
- xero- + -phyte