Origin of xerophytexero- + -phyte
This cactus is an example of a xerophyte.
- Reducing leaf surfaces to minimize moisture loss,
- Adding thick plant parts to store large amounts of water.
- Waxy skin prevents water loss.
The definition of a xerophyte is a plant that alters its physical structure to grow in very dry conditions.
How Plants Adapt for Desert Heat
An example of a xerophyte is a cactus which has eliminated leaves in favor of small spines.
xero- + -phyte
- The effect can also be demonstrated experimentally: thus it has been observed that a xerophyte grown in moist air will lose its characteristic adaptive features, and may even assume those of a hygrophyte.
- It should be recognized, however, at a halophyte, in fact, is one form of xerophyte (Warming, 09: 219).