Transitive meaning

trănsĭ-tĭv, -zĭ-
The definition of transitive is a grammar term used to refer to verbs that carry from the subject to the object and require a direct object.

In the sentence "Penny kicked John," kicked is an example of a transitive verb. John is the direct object.

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(grammar) Expressing an action carried from the subject to the object; requiring a direct object to complete meaning. Used of a verb or verb construction.
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Characterized by or involving transition.
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(logic & mathematics) Of or relating to a binary relation such that, whenever one element is related to a second element and the second element is related to a third element, then the first element is also related to the third element. Examples of transitive relations are “less than” for real numbers ( a < b and b < c implies a < c ) and divisibility for integers ( a divides b and b divides c mean that a divides c ).
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(rare) Of, showing, or characterized by transition; transitional.
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(gram.) Expressing an action thought of as passing over to and having an effect on some person or thing; taking a direct object.
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(math.) Designating a relation having the property that, whenever a first element bears a particular relation to a second that in turn bears this same relation to a third, the first element bears this relation to the third.

Identity and equality are transitive relations.

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Of or relating to a mathematical or logical relation between three elements such that if the relation holds between the first and second elements and between the second and third elements, it necessarily holds between the first and third elements. The relation of being greater than in mathematics is transitive, since if a > b and b > c, then a > c.
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Making a transit or passage.
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Affected by transference of signification.
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(grammar, of a verb) Taking an object or objects.

The English verb "to notice" is a transitive verb, because we say things like "She noticed a problem".

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(set theory, of a relation on a set) Having the property that if an element x is related to y and y is related to z, then x is necessarily related to z.

"Is an ancestor of" is a transitive relation: if Alice is an ancestor of Bob, and Bob is an ancestor of Carol, then Alice is an ancestor of Carol.

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(algebra, of a group action) Such that, for any two elements of the acted-upon set, some group element maps the first to the second.
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A transitive verb.
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A transitive verb.
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Origin of transitive

  • Late Latin trānsitīvus passing over (translation of Greek diabibastikos) from trānsitus past participle of trānsīre to go over transient

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Latin transitivus, from transitus, from trans (“across") + itus, from eo (“to go").

    From Wiktionary