Sublime-porte meaning

(literally) The monumental portal at the Ottoman palace where the supreme tribunals were held; became the surname of the first palace in Burssa (now Brussa), transferred to the even grander Topkapi palace after the capital's transfer to Istanbul (the former Byzantine imperial capital Constantinople)
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(figuratively) A pars pro toto for the Ottoman sultanic court, hence for the imperial government, notably the vizierial divan and the entire empire.
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Origin of sublime-porte

  • From French, meaning 'the high gate/portal'.

    From Wiktionary