A bond made to a court, and recorded, of an obligation to do something, which if the person so bound fails to do will require the payment of a preset sum of money. Most often, a recognizance is in the form of a bail bond that guarantees an unimprisoned criminal defendant’s appearance for trial. See also bail, bond, and release on own recognizance.
Other Word Forms of Recognizance
Origin of Recognizance
Middle English recognisanze from Old French recognuissance alteration (influenced by Medieval Latin recognizāre to recognize) of reconoissance from reconoistre reconoiss- to recognize recognize
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
recognize +"Ž -ance
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