- an obligation of record entered into before a court or magistrate, binding a person to do or not do something, be in court at a certain time, etc.
- a sum of money pledged and subject to forfeit if this obligation is not fulfilled
- Archaic recognition
- Obs. a symbol, token, or badge
Origin of recognizanceMiddle English reconissance from Old French reconaissance from reconnoisant, present participle of reconoistre from Classical Latin recognoscere, to recall to mind from re-, again + cognoscere, to know: see cognition