He was chosen first governor of the state of New Jersey in 1776, and was regularly re-elected until his death in 1790.
In 1865 he was re-elected for Halifax, and in 1866 became undersecretary of state for India.
Four years later he was renominated, was elected, was re-elected in 1840, and served from January 1839 until January 1843.
He was again returned to the Senate in 1813, and was re-elected in 1819 as the result of a struggle between the Van Buren and Clinton factions of the Democratic - Republican party.
In the following year he resigned and was re-elected to the presidency on the 1st of March 1899.