You've just gotten an invitation to an exclusive movie premiere! But wait — shouldn't that be premier? How can you choose between premier and premiere, and why does it matter? The difference between these words is simpler than you may think.
Often, both premier and premiere look correct in the same sentence. But their meanings are different enough to watch your spelling more closely.
- premier - the best or most important
- premiere - the first performance or showing
If you're thinking that these definitions actually look pretty similar, you're not the only one. While premier can describe any noun from a political leader to a dry-cleaning business, premiere only refers to a public performance. You can also use premier as an adjective, but not premiere.
The word premier refers to the noun with the highest rank in a category or a noun that is leading or best amongst its competitors. You can use premier as an adjective to describe any noun, or you can use it as a noun when referring to a head of state.
When you see premier used as an adjective, it's describing the top-ranking person or item in a group. For example:
- Grigor is the premier chef in the industry.
- Our company strives to be the premier provider of office supplies.
- We are staying at the premier hotel in London.
- Many consider schools in the Ivy League to be the premier universities in the United States.
- The English Premier League includes some of the top football teams in the world.
The noun function of premier is similar to its adjective form. As a noun, premier means "the leader" or "the top-ranking official," typically of a country. It comes from the French term premier ministre ("prime minister") and is often used interchangeably with prime minister. Modern titles use premier to differentiate province, state and territory leadership with national leadership.
Examples of premier used as a noun include:
- There are ten provincial premiers in Canada.
- The beloved premier was mourned by the entire world.
- In Australia, a premier is the leader of a state government.
- Who was elected premier in last night's election?
- When the premier began to abuse his power, the citizens protested in the streets.
The word premiere comes from the French phrase première représentation ("first showing"). It's exclusively used to describe the first public performance or showing, especially in visual arts. Premiere functions as a noun when discussing the performance itself and as a verb when referencing the act of bringing a show to the stage.
A premiere can be the first public showing of a movie, the first performance of a ballet or the opening night of an opera. For example:
- The theater sold every ticket for the premiere of the new play.
- Movie premieres often include celebrities walking down a red carpet.
- Can you get seats for the opening night premiere?
- The season premiere of my favorite TV show is on tonight.
- Tonight's showing will be the film's international premiere.
When you're talking about the act of performing something for the first time, you can use premiere as a verb. For example:
- The pianist will premiere his new composition tonight.
- I'm premiering my new film at the local film festival.
- The famous artist premiered his work in Paris.
- Many classic movies premiered at Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood.
- Shirley premiered on stage when she was only six years old.
Premier and premiere are both English words adapted from French. Premier (French pronunciation: pre-me-AY) is the masculine form of the French adjective meaning "first," while première (French pronunciation: pre-me-AIRR) s the feminine form.
Although both words start with pre-, that's not their root. Premier and premiere share the Latin root prim-, meaning "first," along with the following words:
- primary (first)
- primate (highest animal order)
- prime (most important)
- primer (first layer of paint)
- priming (to prepare first)
Understanding the shared roots and meanings of these words can help you remember the definitions of premier and premiere. Just remember: like primary, both words mean "first" in different ways.
Word choice doesn't have to come down to spelling errors. If you can tell the difference between confusing word pairs such as premier and premiere, chances are that your writing is clear and understandable for your readers. Once you've mastered these words, move on to other similar-sounding words with French origins such as moral vs. morale.