A god of the Toltecs and Aztecs, often represented as a plumed serpent, who was worshiped as co-creator of the world along with his adversary Tezcatlipoca.
- Figures of the gods Quetzalcoatl and Tepeyollotli.
- Between him and Quetzalcoatl, the ancient deity of Cholula, there had been old rivalry.
- The great pyramid of Cholula with its hemispherical temple of Quetzalcoatl at the top, now an almost shapeless hill surmounted by a church, was about thrice as long and twice as high as the teocalli of Mexico.
- There is evidence to show that the Aztecs adopted the civilization of the Toltecs, including their religion (Quetzalcoatl being a god of the Toltecs and Mayas), calendar and architecture.
- With the Toltecs is associated the tradition of Quetzalcoatl, a name which presentsitself in Mexican religion as that of a great deity, god of the air,.