In 1901 Bellary was chosen as one of the places of detention in India for Boer prisoners of war.
The gold mines were now securely in the possession of the British, and on the 5th of June Lord Roberts's army occupied the capital of the Transvaal practically without resistance, setting free about 3000 British prisoners of war detained there.
For many years the castles and prisons of Haverfordwest and Pembroke were filled to overflowing with French prisoners of war.
The position and treatment of captives or prisoners of war is now dealt with fully in chapter ii.
The railways and constabulary of the two colonies were (1903) placed under an inter-colonial council; active measures were taken for the repatriation of the prisoners of war and the residents in the concentration camps, and in every direction vigorous and successful efforts were made to repair the ravages of the war.