The magistrates have both civil and criminal jurisdiction in minor cases.
(5) That the magistrates used their powers sometimes to raise wages, sometimes to force them down.
Each of the magisterial districts (of which, as has been said, there must be at least three and not more than ten in each county) elects one or two magistrates and constables, and a board of education of three members.
It was, as might be looked for, commonly filled by members of distinguished families, descendants of ancient magistrates, who were already beginning to be looked on as noble.
Since 1814 the latter have been eligible as magistrates, and in 1849 full equality was formally ratified.