Bailiff meaning

bālĭf
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In the United States a bailiff is defined as a court officer in charge of relaying messages, helping people go where needed, and keeping general order of the courtroom. In England a bailiff is an official who collects taxes and serves legal documents.

An example of a bailiff in the U.S. is the uniformed officer in a courtroom who escorts the defendant in and helps them be seated in the proper place.

An example of a bailiff in England is the person hired to serve papers on a man who is behind on his taxes.

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A court attendant entrusted with duties such as the maintenance of order in a courtroom during a trial.
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An official who assists a British sheriff and who has the power to execute writs, processes, and arrests.
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(chiefly british) An overseer of an estate; a steward.
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In England, an administrative official of a district, with power to collect taxes, serve as a magistrate, etc.
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(chiefly brit.) An overseer or steward of an estate.
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A court officer charged with maintaining order in the courtroom, with taking care of the judge’s and jury’s needs, and, in criminal proceedings, with the custody of the defendant.
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A sheriff’s deputy or other officer who executes writs and serves processes and warrants of arrest.
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One who oversees the administration of land, goods, and other property, including the collection of rent, for the owner.
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(law) A legal officer to whom some degree of authority, care or jurisdiction is committed.
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(UK) The steward or overseer of an estate.
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(Channel Islands) The Chief Justice in each of the Channel Island bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey, also serving as president of the legislature and having ceremonial and executive functions.
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A deputy sheriff who serves processes, etc.
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A court officer who guards the jurors, maintains order in the courtroom, etc.
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Origin of bailiff

  • Middle English baillif from Old French baillis baillif- overseer of an estate, steward from Medieval Latin bāiulīvus from Latin bāiulus carrier

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Anglo-Norman and Old French bailif (plural bailis), Late Latin *bāiulivus. Compare Modern French bailli

    From Wiktionary