Origin of lombard
- Middle English Lumbarde from Old French lombard from Old Italian lombardo from Medieval Latin lombardus from Latin Langobardus, Longobardus del-1 in Indo-European roots Sense 3, from the prominence of Lombards in 13th-century banking
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- From Middle English Lombard, Lumbard, from the merger of Old English Longbeard (“Lombard"); and Old French Lombard, Lombart (“a Lombard"), from Late Latin Longobardus, Langobardus (“a Lombard"), derived from the Proto-Germanic elements *langaz + *bardaz; equivalent to long +"Ž beard. Some sources derive the second element instead from Proto-Germanic *bardÇ, *barduz (“axe"), related to German Barte (“axe").