The birch in the loftier alpine tracts and plateaus becomes a shrub (Betula nana, B.
The relief of the surface typically includes a central plain, Homology sometimes dipping below sea-level, bounded by lateral Homology of con- h i ghlands or mountain ranges, loftier on one side than.
They increase in elevation landwards, culminating in the inner and loftier Golis range, about 95 00 ft.
No attempt, of course, has been made to give a complete catalogue of the peaks and passes of the Alps, while in the case of the peaks the culminating point of a lower halfdetached group has been included rather than the loftier spurs of the higher and main group; in the case of the passes, the villages or valleys they connect have been indicated, and also the general character of the route over each pass.
A third and still loftier tower, the upper part of which, in the florid Gothic style, is modern, surmounts the crossing.