(born Elias Kazanjoglou) 1909-2003; U.S. theater & film director, born in Turkey
city in W Russia, on the Volga
A city of west-central Russia on the Volga River east of Moscow. After growing to prominence in the 1400s as the capital of a powerful Tatar khanate, Kazan was conquered by Czar Ivan IV in 1552, becoming part of Russia.x
- Their influence upon the young tsar was profoundly beneficial, and the period of their administration coincides with the most glorious period of Ivan's reign - the period of the conquest of Kazan and Astrakhan.
- In the course of 1551 one of the factions of Kazan offered the whole khanate to the young tsar, and on the 20th of August 1552 he stood before its walls with an army of 150,000 men and 50 guns.
- The conquest of Kazan was an epoch-making event in the history of eastern Europe.
- Some of Ivan's advisers, including both Sylvester and Adashev, now advised him to make an end of the Crimean khanate, as he had already made an end of the khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan.
- The following table shows the urban population in the various divisions of the empire in 1897: - There were in European Russia and Poland only twelve cities with more than too,000 inhabitants in 1884; in 1900 there were sixteen, namely, St Petersburg, Moscow, Warsaw, Odessa, Lodz, Riga, Kiev, Kharkov, Vilna, Saratov, Kazan, Ekaterinoslav, Rostov-on-the Don, Astrakhan, Tula and Kishinev.