A country of west-central Asia south of Russia and northeast of the Caspian Sea. The original Turkic inhabitants were overrun by the Mongols in the 1200s and ruled by various khanates until the Russian conquest of 1730 to 1863. The region was incorporated into the USSR in 1920 and was named the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic from 1936 to 1991, when it gained its independence. Astana is the capital, and Almaty is the largest city.
The film Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan was a surprise hit in 2006, raising Baron Cohen to the ranks of super-stardom, even though few know the man behind the characters.
A mother in Kazakhstan kept her daughter's mummified corpse in her flat for three years.
Since then the 18 October is celebrated as the Day of spiritual accord in Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan has crossed the threshold of the third millenium being dedicated to the values and principles of democracy.