The 16th the Prussians began hostilities, and on the 20th ly declared war.
Hostilities took place, in which Philip was defeated and nearly lost his life (Justin ix.
For ten years Evagoras carried on hostilities single-handed, except for occasional aid from Egypt.
A complaint having been made to the emperor that he was needlessly protracting hostilities, he was recalled, but he was consul (for the second time) in 66.
During the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries Parma had its full share of the Guelph and Ghibelline struggles, in which it mainly took the part of the former, and also carried on repeated hostilities with Borgo San Donnino and Piacenza.