An island in the northern Atlantic Ocean off northeast Canada. It is the largest island in the world and lies mostly within the Arctic Circle. Settled by the Norse between the 10th and the 15th century and by the Inuit beginning around the 10th century, Greenland became a Danish colony in the 18th century and was granted home rule in 1979. Nuuk (Godthåb) is the capital.
Self-governing island northeast of North America; an integral part of Denmark: it is the world's largest island: 836,330 sq mi (2,166,086 sq km): ice-free land 158,475 sq mi (410,449 sq km); cap. Godthåb.
Origin of greenland
From Old Norse Grœnland, from grœnn (“green”) + land (“land”).