His widow left a sum of Ioo,000 francs to the Institut de France, to found in his memory scholarships in political economy or law.
The consequence of these further issues was instant depreciation, and the note of Too francs nominal value sank to less than 20 francs coin.
And the empress Eugenie, he succeeded in rousing the patriotism of the French and obtaining by their subscriptions more than half of the capital of two hundred millions of francs which he needed in order to form a company.
The communal tax did not exceed on the average two francs annually for each family.
This second issue amounted to 800,000,000 francs and carried no interest.