He united all the Median tribes, and ruled fifty-three years (c. 699-647 B.C.), though perhaps, as G.
Rawlinson supposed, the fifty-three years of his reign are exchanged by mistake with the twenty-two years of his son Phraortes, under whom the Median conquests began.
In the old Prussian provinces alone there were fifty-three different customs frontiers, and German manufactures could not develop until the growth of the Zollverein brought with it commercial consolidation, internal freedom and greater homogeneity of economic conditions.
Then they set about a Second Series, which, forming a single volume with fifty-three plates, was finished in 1843.
He died in 277 B.C. at the age of fifty-three, seven years before his master, who adopted his children and in his will commended them to the care of his pupils.