- Coordinate the Electoral College on behalf of the American people, Congress, the states, and the nation
- Ensure that the Electors have all the certification and experience required to represent their state in the Presidential election.
- Electors are appointed to their position in the Electoral College by the political parties they are affiliated with. They are normally appointed during party conventions or by a vote of the party’s primary committee in each state.
- Every state is represented by a different number of Electors, and the number each state gets is based on how many Senators and U.S. Representatives the state has. There are always exactly two Senators in each state. The number of U.S. Representatives for individual states varies, and is determined by the number of people living in the state.
- On the day of primary election, individuals cast their vote for their chosen candidate by using a ballot.
- After the ballots are cast in the popular vote, they are tabulated and the results are issued to the electors.
- After the popular vote has been tabulated, the final vote is left up to the Electors in each state.
- Typically, the votes of the Electors follow the popular vote. However, there is no Federal law that states Electors must do this. Some state’s laws do require the Elector to vote with the popular vote.
- These electoral votes are then tabulated similar to the popular vote to determine who will win the Presidential and Vice Presidential positions.
- If there is a tie between Elector votes in each state, a tie breaker is performed. The tie breaking process is different for each state.
The Electoral College is defined as a group of people who cast the final votes for the President and Vice President of the United States reflecting the popular votes of the state which each person represents.
The Electoral College was established by our country’s forefathers. The group was established to ensure that the election of the President and Vice President was based on popular vote, in addition to Congressional vote.
Roles and Responsibilities
The Electoral College is governed by the Office of the Federal Registrar which is responsible to:
How the Electoral College Works
An example of the electoral college is the group of people who cast the final votes for President and Vice President of the United States.
(plural electoral colleges)
- Alternative capitalization of electoral college..
- (US, politics) An electoral college chosen, within a state, to formally cast that state's votes for the president and vice president of the United States.
- Each state's Electoral College submits its votes to the President of the Senate.
- (US, politics, informal) All of the United States' electoral colleges, considered as one body.