Dispersion meaning

dĭ-spûrzhən, -shən
Dispersion is defined as the breaking up or scattering of something.

An example of a dispersion is throwing little pieces of paper all over a floor.

An example of a dispersion is the colored rays of light coming from a prism which has been hung in a sunny window.

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(statistics) The degree of scatter of data, usually about an average value, such as the median.
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The breaking up of light into component colored rays, as by means of a prism.
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The Diaspora of the Jews.
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The variation or scattering of data around some average or central value.
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A colloidal system with its dispersed particles and the medium in which these are suspended.
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Specifically, the effect of different propagation speeds for different wavelengths of light. See also chromatic dispersion, material dispersion, modal dispersion, polarization mode dispersion, propagation, pulse dispersion, waveguide dispersion, and wavelength.
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A dispersing or being dispersed.
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The resolution of a complex electromagnetic radiation into components in accordance with some characteristic, as wavelength or energy.
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The process by which light rays are distorted, scattered, or redirected differently depending on their wavelength.
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The separation by refraction of light or other radiation into individual components of different wavelengths. Dispersion results in most materials because a material's index of refraction depends on the wavelength of the radiation passing through it; thus different wavelengths entering a material along the same path will fan out into different paths within it. Prisms, for example, diffuse white light (which contains an even mixture of visible wavelengths) into its variously colored components; rainbows are an effect of dispersion in water droplets.
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In optical fibers, the broadening of the waveforms over long distances by the time they reach the receiving end, which makes them difficult to interpret. There are three major causes. One is the multiple transmission paths (modes) possible in large-core multimode fibers where each path results in a different travel distance.A second cause has to do with the varying of the refractive index due to changes in frequency (or correspondingly, changes in wavelength). The speed of light in a fiber is based on the frequency of light and the refractive index of the fiber. Thus, different frequencies travel at different speeds. The problem is that there are always multiple frequencies. Analog signals are naturally many frequencies, but digital pulses are also more than one frequency, because it is difficult to create a perfect single frequency.The third cause of dispersion is the random fluctuations of light polarization inside the fiber. Following are the common types of dispersion.Modal Dispersion (or Intermodal Dispersion)Occurs in multimode fibers, because light travels in multiple modes (reflective paths), and each path results in a different travel distance. Modal dispersion is a major problem with multimode fibers.Chromatic DispersionThe sum of material dispersion and waveguide dispersion. "Material dispersion" is caused by the variation in refractive index of the glass in the fiber. "Waveguide dispersion" is due to changes in the distribution of light between the core and the cladding of a singlemode fiber.Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD)Light travels in two polarization states in singlemode fibers. Over long distances, conditions such as stress and slight irregularities in the fiber core cause random fluctuations in how the two polarizations travel through the fiber. As a result, they gradually spread over the square root of the distance. See refractive index, dispersion compensator, step index fiber, graded-index fiber, dispersion-shifted fiber and fiber optics glossary.
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The state of being dispersed; dispersedness.
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A process of dispersing.
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The degree of scatter of data.
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(optics) The separation of visible light by refraction or diffraction.
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(medicine) The removal of inflammation.
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Origin of dispersion

  • From Old French dispersion, from Latin dispertio

    From Wiktionary