He answered without chastisement, but a half-awake voice.
Angels who inflict chastisement as ministers of God.
His chastisement of the city, including as it did the spoliation of the temple, served the additional purpose of relieving his financial necessities.
He, like Jeremiah, was friendly to Nebuchadrezzar, regarding him as Yahweh's instrument for the chastisement of the nation.
The lighter punish ments inflicted by masters were commonly personal chastisement or banishment from the town house to rural labour; the severer were employment in the mill (pistrinum) or relegation to the mines or quarries.