In 1901 the population of the town and cantonment was 7764.
The cantonment accommodates about a brigade of troops.
The state also contains the British cantonment of Nowgong.
The work was rapidly pushed forward, the workers at one time numbering 20,000; and eventually a self-contained cantonment arose, having its own postal, police, lighting and other services.
Bellary is an important cantonment and the headquarters of a military division.